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How does water baptism differ from Holy Spirit baptism?


Water baptism


Spirit baptism


For all people

Mt. 28:19

For the apostles

Acts 1:1-5

Is commanded

Acts 10:48

Was promised

Acts 1:4-5

Performed by men

Acts 8:35-38

Done by Jesus

Acts 1:5; Jn. 16:7

Condition of salvation

Mk. 16:16

For the saved

Acts 2:4, 14, 32

People didn’t wait for it

Acts 16:33

Told to wait for it

Acts 1:4

Name of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit

Mt. 28:18-19

Done by the Lord

Acts 1:5

An act of faith

Col. 2:12

Done for faithful

Acts 1:4-5

A burial and resurrection

Rom. 6:3-5

Done for the faithful

Acts 1:4-5

Puts us into Christ

Gal. 3:27

For people in Christ

Acts 1:4-5

Continue to end of time

Mt. 28:18-20

Limited to the first century

1 Cor. 13:8-10

Effects are invisible

Rom. 6:3

Audible and visible

Acts 2:2-4

There is now only one baptism (Eph. 4:5). This is water baptism.


Holy Spirit baptism ended in the first century.



Important questions and answers about Holy Spirit baptism:


Who received it?

Jesus’ chosen apostles

Lk. 24:33 + Lk. 24:48; Acts 1:2-8; 1 Cor. 15:8

What was it?

An immersion in the Spirit’s power

Lk. 24:49; Acts 1:5; 2:4

Where was it given?


Lk. 24:49; Acts 1:4, 8; Isa. 2:3

When was it given?

Shortly after Jesus’ resurrection

Mk. 9:1; Acts 1:5; 2:1-20

Why was it given?

To bear witness to resurrection and the gospel

Lk. 24:46-49; Mk. 16:15-20


This chart is part of a new First Corinthians commentary which can be ordered through this site.  You may also access this First Corinthians commentary by going to the Google books First Corinthians commentary link.